Year 5 - Key Knowledge and Learning Outcomes

Year 5 Key Knowledge


  • The Arctic and Antarctic are two of the most extreme regions of our planet.
  • Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world it is in the Himalayas.
  • The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world and is located in Africa.
  • England is made up of 48 counties.
  • The countries of the former British Empire included India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
  • There are 53 members of the Commonwealth including, South Africa, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and India.
  • Greece is in Europe its capital city is Athens. It has a long coastline and a number of islands.
  • Birkenhead Town Hall has the courts, the council chambers and the registry office. It is situated in Hamilton Square.
  • The Greenwich meridian is an imaginary line that separates East from West on the Earth.


Year 5 Learning Outcomes

Location Knowledge

  • Name and locate areas of extreme characteristics and physical features e.g. Arctic and Antarctic Circle, The Himalayas
  • Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, equator and northern/ southern hemispheres, The tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, The prime and Greenwich Meridian and time zones
  • Name and locate countries and cities within the former British Empire and Commonwealth including changes over time.
  • Name and locate mainland Greece and the Greek islands including human and physical characteristics, coast line, seas, mountains, rivers, hills and how they have changed over time.

Place Knowledge

  • Understand the human and physical characteristic of extreme regions, Greece and its islands, the former British Empire and the Commonwealth countries.
  • Understand the physical and human geography of the above.
  • Climate zones, rivers, mountains, biomes and vegetation belts in Greece, the former British Empire and the countries of the Commonwealth.

Human and Physical Geography

  • Climate zones, rivers, mountains, biomes and vegetation belts in the Greek islands and Extreme regions.
  • Distribution of natural resources
  • Types of settlement including trade links.
  • Economic activity including trade links.

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork (Hamilton Square and its links to Liverpool)

  • To use maps, atlases, globes, aerial photographs to locate key features in
  • Focus study of Hamilton Square including the town hall, the station, tunnels, Birkenhead Ferry and links to Liverpool
  • Use ordinance survey maps and six figure grid references.

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