Year 4 - Key Knowledge and Learning Outcomes

Year 4 Key Knowledge

  • The Roman Empire began in 27 BC
  • Caesar Augustus was the first official emperor of Rome
  • The Romans ruled Britain from 43 AD to 410 AD
  • Chester was an important Roman city
  • The Anglo Saxons settled in Britain after the Romans in 410 to 1066
  • The Vikings were in conflict with the Anglo Saxons between 793 and 1066
  • The Dark Ages is the time from the Romans leaving to 1066.
  • The Normans invaded in 1066 and William the Conqueror became king after the battle of Hastings when Edward the confessor died.
  • William Laird founded Birkenhead iron works with his son John Laird and began building ships in 1828
  • Cammell Lairds began in 1903 after John Laird amalgamated with Charles Laird
  • RRS Sir David Attenborough launched in 2018


Year 4 Learning Outcomes

Invaders and Settlers

  • AD means after Christ.
  • The Emperor Julius Caesar led two invasions of Britain in 55 BC and 54 BC
  • In 43 AD, nearly 100 years later the Emperor Claudius successfully invaded Britain.
  • Chester was an important Roman city and has lots of archeological evidence of Roman settlement.
  • The Romans withdrew from Britain in 410 AD

Anglo Saxons

  • Anglo Saxon Britain was from 410 AD – 1066 AD
  • Anglo Saxons were a mix of tribes from Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands.
  • The biggest tribes were the Angles the Saxons and the Jutes.
  • Christian conversion on Britain began during the Anglo Saxon period.
  • The Anglo Saxon period was known as the Dark Ages.


  • The first Viking raid recorded by Anglo Saxons was 787 AD.
  • In 867 AD the Vikings invaded. This time they wanted to conquer not just raid.
  • In the 9th century King Alfred the Great stopped the Vikings taking over all of England. He agreed to peace with them.
  • Edward the Confessor became King of England in 1042 AD.
  • Edward the Confessor died in 1066 AD.
  • The Battle of Hastings took place in 1066.
  • The Bayeux Tapestry shows the battle of Hastings.

Local Study

  • In 1824 William Laird founded Birkenhead iron works. He was joined by his son John Laird in 1828, they started building ships.
  • In 1903 the Sheffield steel firm of John Cammell amalgamated with Laird and became Cammell Lairds.
  • Cammell Lairds built many famous ships including the RRS Sir David Attenborough launched in 2018.

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