Year 1 - Key Knowledge and Learning Outcomes

Year 1 Key Knowledge


  • The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
  • The capital cities are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast.
  • The River Mersey is near my school.
  • The River Seven is the longest river in the UK it is 220 miles.
  • The River Thames is the second longest at 215 miles.
  • Our school is located in Birkenhead on the Wirral Peninsular and our county is Merseyside.
  • There are four seasons and weather patterns are important when choosing clothing and activities,
  • The four points of a compass: North, South, East and West.
  • Physical features are the natural features of the Earth’s surface.
  • Human features are man-made.


Year 1 Learning Outcomes

Location Knowledge

  • Name locate and identify the characteristics of the four countries and the capital cities of the UK and its surrounding seas.
  • London is the capital city of England.
  • Our school is located in Birkenhead. Birkenhead is in Wirral. Our county is Merseyside.

Place Knowledge

  • Identify and locate on a map the following landmarks/key features in Wirral:
  • Our School
  • Birkenhead Park
  • Bidston Hill
  • Tam O’Shanter Farm
  • New Brighton
  • Fort Perch Rock Lighthouse
  • Hoylake and New Brighton Lifeboat Station

Human and Physical Geography

  • Know the four seasons and can describe weather patterns and appropriate clothing for each season.
  • Record daily weather and explore patterns in weather over time for The Wirral and can compare weather across the UK.
  • Use human geographical vocabulary city, town, village, farm, house, shop,
  • Use physical geographical vocabulary accurately including beach, coast, hill, sea, river, ocean, season and weather.

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork (New Brighton)

  • The four points of a compass: North, South, East and West.
  • To know the human and physical features of school, Birkenhead, Wirral, UK using observations, photographs, plans, maps, atlases, aerial photographs
  • Focus study on New Brighton and how it has changed over time.

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