Year 4 - Key Knowledge and learning Outcomes

Year 4 Key Knowledge


  • Anything north of the equator lies in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • Anything south of the equator lies in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • The Tropic of Cancer lies in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • The Tropic of Capricorn lies in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • Mount Vesuvius is a volcano it is located in Italy.
  • The earth has seven tectonic plates.
  • Sweden and Norway are part of Scandinavia and their capital cities are Oslo and Stockholm.
  • The port of Malmo is in Copenhagen which is in Denmark.
  • Cammell Lairds is located in Birkenhead and is famous for ship building.


Year 4 Learning Outcomes

Location Knowledge

  • Name and locate volcanoes and earth quakes around the world.
  •  What is unique about the location of the world’s volcanoes and earth quakes e.g.  position and significance of latitude, longitude, equator and northern/ southern hemispheres
  • What impact have volcanoes and earth quakes had on land use patterns over time.
  • Name and locate Scandinavian countries and major cities.

Place Knowledge

  • Understand the human and physical characteristic of Sweden.
  • Locate the major ports in Europe and compare Copenhagen Port of Malmo to The Port of Liverpool.

Human and Physical Geography

  • Climate zones, rivers, mountains, biomes and vegetation belts in the Scandinavian countries.
  • Volcanoes and Earthquakes
  • Economic activity including trade links

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork (Cammel Lairds and the growth of Birkenhead and Liverpool)

  • To use maps, atlases, globes, aerial photographs to locate key features in Wirral.
  • Focus study of Birkenhead Docks, Cammel Lairds and the River Mersey.

Use ordinance survey maps and four figure grid references.

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